The United States of America

The United States of America is situated in North America. The United States is one of the largest countries in the world. The area of the USA is about nine million square kilo­meters. The population is nearly 250 million people.

The USA is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and by the Pacific Ocean in the west.

In the north the USA borders Canada and in the south - Mexico.

The highest mountains are the Cordillera, situated in the west of the country. Their highest peak Whitney is 4,418 meters.

The main rivers of the USA are the Mississippi in the central part, the Colorado in the south-west and the Columbia in the north-west. The five Great Lakes are between the USA and Canada.

The climate of the USA varies from place to place. On the Pacific coast winter is mild and warm, summer is dry.

The eastern part of the USA is character­ized by the continental climate with rainfall. The weather in the region of the Great Lakes is changeable. It is hot and humid in summer and cold in winter. It is often windy.

The USA is a federal republic. It consists of fifty states. Each state has its own government.

The American Parliament is called Congress. It consists of two Chambers.

The head of the state is the president. He is elected for four years.

There are two main political parties in the United States. The Democratic Party was organized in the 1820s. The Republican Party was founded in the 1850s.

The USA is a multinational country. The official language is English.

The capital of the USA is Washington. It is situated in the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.).

The largest city of the country is New York. It is the financial and business center of the USA

Boston is known for its universities.

Philadelphia is the first capital of the USA. Now it is one of the industrial and cul­tural centers of the country. Philadelphia orchestra is famous in the whole world. There are also several universities there.

Chicago is one of the industrial cities.

Detroit is one of the biggest centers of the automobile industry.

Hollywood is known as the center of the USA film business.

San Francisco and Los Angeles are the largest cities on the western coast.

The USA is a well-developed industrial country. It is rich in such mineral resources as coal, natural gas, oil, aluminum, zinc, salt, copper, silver and gold.

Machine-building, shipbuilding, automo­bile industry and others are the main spheres of the USA economy.

The United States has a highly develop­ed agriculture. It produces more than 50 per cent of the world's wheat, corn, tobacco and cotton. They produce grain, fruit, vegetables and other food products.

Контрольная работа

1 курс

Вариант 2

1. Проспрягайте глагол «to have» в Present Indefinite.









2. Вставьте глагол to be в Present, Past или Future Simple.

1. My father ... a teacher. 2. He ... a pupil twenty years ago. 3. I ... a doctor when I grow up. 4. My sister... not ... at home tomorrow. 5. She ... …at school tomorrow. 6. ... you ... at home tomorrow? No I …not. 7. ... your father at work yesterday? 8. My sister ... ill last week. 9. She ... not ill now. 10. Yesterday we ... at the theatre. 11. ... your little brother in bed now? - Yes, he ... 12. My father ... not a teacher, he ... a scientist. 13. ... your aunt a doctor? - Yes, she ….14. ... they at home? - No, they ... not at home, they ... at work. 15 ... you an engineer? - Yes, I ....

3. Выделите глагол « to be», определите его функцию в предложении и переведите предложение.

1. She is a student now.

2. We are at work now.

3. They are listening to a song right now.

4. The train is to come at 6.

4. Поставьте следующие существительные и словосочетания в мно­жественное число.

A cat, a glass, a story, a man, a fruit, a bay, a box, a table, a goose, a bush, a knife, a potato, an ox, a child, a dish, that woman, this dog, a sheep

5. Выберите is/are.

1) His advice … very useless .2) Her trousers … very beautiful.3) How much money …it? 4) What …the news? 5) These goods … good. 6) Milk ...cold. 7) This information … of great importance

6. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. This is ... bad ... book. Take ... book from ... table. Put this ... book into ... bookcase. 2. ... weather was bad yesterday. ... sky was dark. ... sun was not shin­ing brightly in ... cloudy ... sky. 3. That is ... girl. ... girl is at ... school. She is ... pupil. This ... boy is my ... sister’s ... boyfriend. He has ... hedgehog, but he has no ... hamster. He likes his ... hedgehog. He gives ... hedgehog ... milk every day. 4. Yesterday I bought ... magazine. ... magazine was interesting. 5. They live in... large house. I like ... house very much. 6. Are you ... pupil? — No, I am ... student. 7. I like your ... beautiful ... jacket. Give me ... jacket to put on, please. 8. My ... sister is at ... home. She is watching ... interest­ing ... film. 9. My ... brother is not at ... home. He is at ... school. He is ... pupil. He is ... good ... pupil. He often goes to ... hospital. ... hospital is large.

7. Замените личные местоимения данные в скобках соответствующими притяжательными местоимениями или поставьте их в объектную форму, где необходимо.

Model: These are ... parents. (I)

These are my parents.

1. I've got... watch, (she)

2. Is this ... car? (he)

3. Do they like ... new house? (your)

4. Have you met... teacher? (we)

5. I don't like ... teacher(they)

6. Take this book and give it to (she), please

7. Our teacher gives (we) much homework

8. I have a brother and I love (he) very much

9. They like to ride a horse and it loves (they)

10. Ann is waiting for Kate and Kate is waiting for (I)

8. Поставьте some или any.

1. I have got ... water.

2. I'll not buy ... paper when I go to the shops.

3. Is there ... milk in the cup?

4. Yes, I put... in yesterday.

5. I always buy... vegetables, but never fruits.

9.Скажите, сколько времени

8.20, 10.00, 2.50, 7.45, 4.30, 5.15

10.Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную сте­пень следующих прилагательных.

Fat, nice, happy, mean, important, bad, much, old

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